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SECTION A (25 MARKS)ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

1. Give one contribution of archeology to the study of History.                                              1mark

2. Give two reasons why human beings lived in groups during the Stone Age period.           2marks

3. Identify two ways through which early agriculture spread during the Stone Age period.   2marks

4. State two characteristics of Roman roads                                                                             2marks

5. Identify two early forms of written communication                                                            2marks

6. Name the earliest metal to be smelted by man.                                                                    1mark

7. State the contribution of Alexander Fleming in the field of medicine.                                1mark

8. Identify two social functions of the ancient city of Athens in Greece.                                2marks

9. State the main factor that unified the communities of Shona kingdom during the pre-colonial period.                                                                                                                                            1mark

10. State the capital of Samori Touré’s second empire                                                            1mark

11. Identify two ways in which Africans reacted to European rule.                                        2marks

12. Name the political party that led Mozambique to independence                                       1mark

13. State two functions of the Lukiiko among the Baganda.                                                   2 marks

14. Name two classifications of human rights.                                                                         2marks

15. Identify the religion that is closely related with the growth of Kilwa.                              1mark

16. Other than assimilation which other method of colonial administration did the French adopt

 1 mark

17. Identify one French colony in central Africa                                                                    1 mark

SECTION B  (45 MARKS)ANSWER ANY THREE QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION

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18 (a) State five factors that favored the beginning of agriculture during the New Stone Age                                                                                                                                                              (5mks)

    (b) Explain the five effects of Agrarian revolution in Europe.                                            (10mks)

19. (a) State three disadvantages of coal as a source of energy                                               (3mks)

    (b) Explain six effects of scientific revolution on industry.                                                 (12mks)

20 (a) State three factors that enabled European powers to colonize Africa in the late 19th century.                                                                                                                                                     (3mks)

    (b) Explain six effects of the partition of Africa on African communities.                         (12mks)

21(a)Identify five causes of the Maji Maji rebellion in central Tanganyika between 1905-1907.(5 mks)

      (b)  Why were the African communities defeated by the Germans during the Maji Maji rebellion?

                                                                                                                                                  (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 MARKS)ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION

22.a) State five factors for the growth of the Buganda Empire.                                              (5marks)

b) Describe the political organization of the Asante kingdom during the pre-colonial

 period.                                                                                                                                      (10marks)

          23. (a) Give five reasons why the British employed the policy of indirect rule in Northern Nigeria. (5mks)

          (b) Explain five differences between the  of  British Indirect rule and French policy of Assimilation.

                                                                                                                                                  (10mks)

      24.(a)Give three reasons why it took too long for Mozambique to achieve independence from Portugal.                                                                                                                                                      (3 marks)

       (b)Explain six factors that favored the success of FRELIMO Nationalists during their struggle for independence in Mozambique.                                                                                                (12 marks)

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