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Bunyore

SECTION A

Answer all questions in this Section

  1. State three reasons for studying Geography.                                                              (3marks)

b.Name two branches of geography                                                                                 (2marks)

  • (a) Name two biological factors influencing agriculture.                                           (2marks)

(b) State three uses of sugar in Kenya.                                                           (3marks)

  • a)  Name three main mining methods.                                                           (3marks)

b) Name two places where Gold is mined in Tanzania.                                              (2marks)

  • a) Outline three characteristics of coniferous forests.                                    (3marks)

b) Identify two fibre crops found in the tropical forests.                                (2marks)

  • (a)        Name two tourist attractions found in Kenya Rift valley.                   (2 marks)

            (b)        State three factors that hinder domestic tourism in Kenya                             (3 marks)

SECTION B

Answer question 6 and any other questions from this section.

  • The table below shows the prices of sugar in Kenya Shillings per ton in some countries in Africa.

Use it to answer question a.(i)

YEARKENYASOUTH AFRICATANZANIAZAMBIA
201495,40061,92768,70284,447
2015111,71367,46266,98593,798
2016110,87865,17390,64986,832
  •  (i) Draw a divided rectangle 16cm long to represent the prices of sugar in the year 2016.            

                                                                                                                                                       (8 marks)

(ii) State two advantages of using divided rectangle to present statistical data.             (2marks)

        (b) State three physical conditions that  favours cocoa farming in Ghana.                (3 marks)

(c)Describe stages involved in processing of cocoa from harvesting to marketing.        (8 marks)

            (d)Apart from making oil give four other uses of oil palm.                                       (4 marks)

  • (a)The diagram below shows  the occurence of petroleum  in the earth’s crust.Use it to answer question a i)
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  1. (i)Name the substance in the areas labelled L,M and N                                                  (3marks)

L……………………………………………………………………………………………

M……………………………………………………………………………………………

N……………………………………………………………………………………………

(ii)Give three by –products obtained  when crude oil is refined                    (3marks

(b)State five effects of  mining on the environment                                       (5marks)

(c) (i)Describe the stages involved in the processing of trona from lake Magadi.             (6marks)

(ii)Explain four ways in which Kenya  has benefited from  the mining of trona on lake      Magadi                                                                                                                                                 (8mks)

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8.(a) i. Define the term land reclamation                                                                                            (2mks)

        ii. State four benefits that resulted from the Reclamation of Yala swamp                                (4mks)

   (b)The diagram below shows the distribution of irrigation schemes in Kenya. Use it to answer      the   questions that follow

  1. Name the irrigation schemes labelled Q and R                                                    2mks
  2. Name the river marked M                                                                                     1mk
  3. Explain four factors that favoured the establishment of perkerra

irrigation scheme                                                                                                  8mks

    (c)State four problems facing irrigation farming in Kenya                                               4mks

    (d)   i. What is a polder?                                                                                         2mk

ii. Give two differences between land reclamation in Kenya and Netherlands                     2mks

9.(a) i. Differentiate between pelagic and demersal fish                                                        2mks

        ii. Name two examples of demersal fish                                                            2mks

 (b) The map below shows major world fishing grounds. Use it to answer the questions

that  follow

  1. Identify the fishing grounds marked M, N  and P                                                3mks
  2. Explain three  human factors favouring fishing in the ground marked P             6mks

 (c)Give reasons why Fresh water fishing is more developed in East Africa compared to

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   Marine fishing                                                                                                                      4mks

 (d)Explain FOUR measures used in management of fisheries in Kenya                             8mks

10.( a) i. Define the term Tourism                                                                                          1mk

ii)Name two tourist attractions found in the coastal region of Kenya                       2mks  

  (b)Explain four problems associated with tourism in Kenya                                              8mks

 (c)Explain three problems experienced by Kenyan government in its effort to

conserve wildlife                                                                                                        6mks

 (d) Explain four factors which have made Switzerland a major tourist

attraction in Europe                                                                                                    8mks

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