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Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.


  1. State three characteristics of government.(3mks)        
  2. Identify two main periods of History. 2mks
  3. State why archaeology is an expensive source of information of history and government.(2mks)
  4. State three aspects of oral traditions.3mks
  5. Identify two ways through which archeologist obtain information on the history of Kenya.(2mks)       
  6. Identify two ways in which early man used stone tools.(2mks)
  7. In what two ways did the Kenyan communities interact  during the pre-colonial period.(2mks)
  8. Identify two similarities between early agriculture in Mesopotamia and Egypt.(2mks)
  9. Name the pre- historic sites in Kenya.(2mks)
  10. Identify the main economic activity of the plain Nilotes during pre-colonial period.(1mk)
  11. Give two characteristics of Homo Sapiens.(2mks)
  12. State  two ways in which the development of the upright pasture improved the early man’s way of life.(2mks)        

Section B

  1. a.State four forms of government.  4mks

b.Identify five methods of dating.(5mks)

c.Outline the disadvantages of written sources of information.(6mks)

  1. a.Discuss the main theories that explain the origin of man.(6mks)

b.State four species of Austropithecus.(4mks)

c.What  were the uses of fire during the middle Stone Age period?(5mks)

  1. a. State five causes of food shortages in Africa today.(5mks)

b.Explain the characteristics of farming methods in Britain before the Agrarian Revolution.(10mks)

  1. a.Why did the highland nilotes migrate from their original homeland during the pre-colonial period?     (5MKS)

b.Explain five results of the migration and settlement of Bantus in Kenya.(10mks)

  1. a.State five duties of council of elders among the Miji Kenda.(5mks)

b.Why was the office of the Oloibon important among the Maasai?(5mks)

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c.Discuss the economic organization of the Borana                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

in the 19th c.(5mks)


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